Labour Market Information on Recruitment and Retention in Primary Agriculture

The project identified the complexity and scope of the labour market within the agricultural industry, including the availability of seasonal and non-seasonal workers. It targeted agricultural operations grossing over $100,000 in annual receipts.

The research also took a closer look at labour market requirements in terms of numbers of workers on a regional, occupational and commodity basis and outlined practices in recruitment and retention.


An environmental scan was conducted to assemble qualitative and quantitative information on:

  • The job market (supply of and demand for  farm workers);
  • Training and skill development (for farmers, managers, workers and youth);
  • Awareness of agriculture employment and career paths (for youth, workers, students); and,
  • Regulation of workplace health, safety, worker standards, wage rates, and benefits in relation to human resources issues.

There was and continues to be an urgent need for workers in primary agriculture. To address this, the LMI project focused  on gathering labour market information to help CAHRC understand and explain the nature and scope of the HR challenges being faced by agriculture today—and the issues that are anticipated in the near future. Research results also provided valuable baseline data that will be used by the Council and its partners to develop a better way to collect, survey, and track the ongoing employment needs of farmers, and develop tools and resources to meet those needs.